|Trillium Place Stables|
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Trillium Place, ideally located on Birdcage Walk close to all of the major training grounds and both the July course and the Rowley Mile course, has immediate access to the Racecourse Side gallops. The training establishment has always had close links with its near neighbour Graham Place, and it is likely that at one point, probably at the start of the 20th century, that all of the land on which Graham Place, Trillium Place and Newmarket Tennis Club stand was owned by the same person, most likely Henry James King. Today Trillium Place has two Americans style barns boasting 40 boxes, with an additional 14 boxes laid out in a more traditional courtyard style.
For over 4 centuries racing has been staged in Newmarket, but how have the racecourses evolved from an initial starting point at Fleam Dyke Pumping Station, some 8 miles from the town, with a winning post barely 200 metres from the town centre, into two world recognized, excellent racecourses and a universal acceptance that Newmarket is the Headquarters of racing?
To access an interactive racecourse map showing over 50 individually named racecourses CLICK HERE. The map will enable you to:-
1. Determine when extended races over 8 miles, 6 miles and 4 miles began to be replaced by the courses now visited by thousands annually;
2. Consider how the challenge of crossing the Devil's Dyke was overcome;
3. Contemplate why the town no longer has a steeplechase course despite having at least 5 courses during the past 2 centuries;
4. Examine the practicalities of having up to 48 starting posts and winning posts;
5. Appreciate that it was not financially viable to have an open racecourse spread widely across the heath, with a finishing post barely 200 metres from the town centre;
6. Research how and why the Cambridgeshire Handicap has been contested over 3 different courses.
NOTE: The map does not make mention of 2 particular courses:-
(i) Sefton Course (also known as the Cambridge Road Course)
Source: 1970 Raceform. Used from 1959 to 1975.
(ii) New Circular Course
The Circular Handicap was run on Friday 29th October 1875 on the New Circular Course of about two miles.
Source: London Standard (30th October 1875): ''the horses started near the Turn of the Lands, ran back way of the Cambridgeshire Course towards the Ditch, and afterwards proceeded down the side of the Tan Gallop, and turned into the Rowley Mile near the Bretby Stakes starting post, finishing at the stand at the end of the flat. Except in the hollow near the Cambridgeshire start the runners should have been visible all the way if the sky had been bright and clear''.
Another report hoped that the Circular Handicap would become a feature in future programmes, as it would be contested in front of the new grandstand which would be completed in about a year and would be able to accommodate thousands.
(I am grateful to Tim Cox for bringing attention to these 2 courses.)
Enjoy researching the intriguing history of Newmarket and its many racecourses.
|1865-1894 Thomas Brown
Thomas Brown, a contemporary of legendary Newmarket trainers the Dawsons, Tom Jennings, the Bloss brothers and Gilbert, trained at Graham Place for a considerable time. During his most successful period he employed Fred Webb as his stable jockey and in 1869 they won the Cesarewitch with Cherie for principal owner Mr R C Naylor. In 1883 Kelly's Directory records Thomas Brown as the trainer in Graham House. Towards the end of his life Tom moved to Waterloo Lodge and died whilst on a visit to London on Thursday 3rd September 1896.
1868 Cesarewitch CHERIE owned by Mr R C Naylor, trained by Thomas Brown and ridden by Fred Webb
1879 Middle Park Plate BEAUDESERT owned by Lord Anglesey, trained by Thomas Brown
|I am grateful to Ordnance Survey (© Crown Copyright) for permission to use the 1836 map shown above. Trillium Place is 3|
|To enjoy the experience of a day at Newmarket races in May 1838 CLICK HERE|
|1895-1901 Alf Sadler senior
Alfred Brettle Sadler senior, grandson of Isaac Sadler who won the 1833 Epsom Derby with Dangerous, began his training career in Rottingdean, training horses for Lord St Vincent and Mr W Bevill. He moved to Stockbridge House in 1872, where one of his best early horses was Barford, later renamed Reputation. His principal patrons whilst at Stockbridge House were Lord Hastings, Lord Cholmondeley, Honourable F Lambton and Hon George Lambton. Indeed, it was a horse trained by Alf Sadler which provided George Lambton with his first ride in the Grand National in 1885 on Lioness. Another notable future racing character to be guided by Alf Sadler was Fred Rickaby who started his apprenticeship with Alf at Stockbridge House. Alf had 4 sons and a daughter, Gladys, who married jockey and trainer Joe Cannon. His sons all forged a career in racing, training horses. In October 1885 Alfred Brettle Sadler was installed as Lord Durham's trainer at Primrose Cottage Stables. In May 1894 Lord Durham moved his horses to be trained by Captain Lambton, which left Sadler with a very small string of horses owned by Mr R H Coombs. He moved to Graham Place which had become vacant due to the death of trainer Thomas Brown. In 1898 he landed an interesting double when Dynamo won both the Alington Plate and the Longstock Plate on the same day at Stockbridge, just a few months before the course closed for good. Alf later returned to Stockbridge House, continuing to train there until 1923, and died there on Thursday 24th January 1929 aged 82.
1898 Dyke Plate at Newmarket PISA 1/3 fav owned by Mr R H Combe, trained by Alf Sadler and ridden by Fred Rickaby
1898 Alington Plate at Stockbridge DYNAMO 9/4 owned by Mr R H Combe, trained by Alf Sadler and ridden by Fred Rickaby
1898 Longstock Plate at Stockbridge DYNAMO 11/10 fav owned by Mr R H Combe, trained by Alf Sadler and ridden by Fred Rickaby
1899 Dee Stand Handicap at Chester HAZLEBUN 5/2 fav owned by Mr R H Combe, trained by Alf Sadler and ridden by Fred Rickaby
|1902-1920 Henry James King
Henry James King, born in America on 12th May 1849, made his fortune from diamond mining in Kimberley, South Africa where he was a diamond merchant. He married Maud Harriet King, and they had three children. Their daughter, Muriel Ryder, born in 1891, died in 1921, while one of their sons Nathaniel died in action during the First World War on 21st February 1915. Their third child, Herbert Ryder-King, was born in Kimberley on 26th June 1889. In 1902 Henry and Maud purchased Graham House and Graham Place, and built a new Graham House in 1903. At that time it is not known the full extent of his stables, whether it encompassed the present day Graham Place and Trillium Place, and whether there were further stables on what today is Newmarket Tennis Club. Later, in 1913 he bought Poles Park country house in Ware, Hertfordshire where he built a new racing stable and a nine-hole golf course. Henry employed Felix Leach as his trainer throughout the early years of the 20th century, but Henry died on 18th July 1920 aged 71, while his wife Maud died in 1933, the pair being buried in Newmarket Town Cemetery. In his will he left £750,000 gross, equivalent in 2020 to £34 million.
1902-1929 Felix Leach
1919 Prince of Wales's Nursery Handicap at Doncaster FIREWORK 9/1 owned by Lord Anglesey, trained by Felix Leach and ridden by Arthur Whalley
|1930-May 1950 Jack Leach
John Edward 'Jack' Leach, son of Felix Leach senior, enjoyed a short, but successful riding career riding for Harry Leader's stable where he partnered Diomedes to victory in the 1925 July Cup, Nunthorpe Stakes and King's Stand Stakes, repeating the July Cup victory in 1926. Arguably he reached the pinnacle of his career in 1927 when riding Adam's Apple (SR 1983) to victory in the 2000 Guineas. In 1928 he married Elizabeth 'Betty' Darling, daughter of Newmarket trainer Sam Darling. When his weight became too much for him to continue as a jockey he turned to training; early owners included the tobacco magnate Sidney Beer and the famous dancer Fred Astaire. He saddled Figaro, who he also owned, to win the 1934 Stewards Cup and Ayr Gold Cup. He served during the War, resuming his training career once the War ended. In May 1950 all of the horses he trained were transferred to Queensberry Lodge to be trained by his brother Chubb.
1932 Glasgow Plate at Hamilton Park MILLIBET evens fav owned by Mr E Baron, trained by Jack Leach and ridden by G Baines
1933 Gorleston Spring Handicap NICK THE GREEK 5/4 fav owned and trained by Jack Leach and ridden by Henri Jelliss
1933 Spring Hall Plate at Newmarket FIGARO 11/10 fav owned and trained by Jack Leach and ridden by Henri Jelliss
1934 Stewards Cup at Glorious Goodwood FIGARO 100/7 owned and trained by Jack Leach and ridden by Tommy Weston
1934 Ayr Gold Cup FIGARO 7/2 owned and trained by Jack Leach and ridden by Henri Jelliss
1936 Cleveland Handicap at Doncaster STRAIGHT DEAL 20/1 owned by Mr N S Erleigh, trained by Jack Leach and ridden by K Robertson
1947 Bedford 2-y-o Stakes at Newmarket DELIRIUM 3/1 fav trained by Jack Leach and ridden by Charlie Smirke
1948 Molecomb Stakes INTEGRITY 7/2 trained by Jack Leach and ridden by Charlie Smirke
1949 Tattersalls Sale Stakes at Doncaster TURN A PENNY 100/30 trained by Jack Leach and ridden by Michael Beary
1949 Crawfurd Handicap at Newmarket DELIRIUM 7/4 trained by Jack Leach and ridden by Michael Beary
|1959-1969 Paddy O'Gorman
William Gerard O'Gorman, universally known as Paddy, was born in County Cork, Ireland on 27th May 1913 and travelled across to England in 1934. He worked at Scaltback Stud, owned by Robert 'Jack' Colling, son of the famous trainer Robert Weston Colling, but in 1953 Paddy successfully applied for a trainer's license. He lived in Shalfleet Cottage until 1959, selling it to John Powney in that year. He moved to Graham Place where his most successful horse was Golden Horus who won the 1966 Gimcrack Stakes in the hands of Joe Mercer, although three years before that Paddy enjoyed saddling a Royal Ascot winner when Majority Rule won the 1963 King's Stand Stakes ridden by Lester Piggott. Paddy died in Newmarket in June 1969, aged 56, and the stables were taken over by his son Bill.
1963 King's Stand Stakes MAJORITY RULE 100/8 trained by Paddy O'Gorman and ridden by Lester Piggott
1966 Gimcrack Stakes GOLDEN HORUS 7/1 owned by Mrs Dorothy Solomon, trained by Paddy O'Gorman and ridden by Joe Mercer
1969-1988 Bill O'Gorman
1982 Temple Stakes MUMMY'S GAME trained by Bill O'Gorman and ridden by Tony Ives
|The Graham House/Graham Place/Graham Lodge/Trillium Place conundrum
Graham House, Graham Lodge, Graham Place and Trillium Place all seem intertwined and take some untangling. Bill O'Gorman built the first part of Graham Lodge on adjoining land that had once been Captain King's vegetable garden and had, in the meantime, been owned by a local builder Roy Jarvis (no relation to the famous Newmarket trainers of the same name) who built the house for himself. Captain King had lived in Graham House all alone in some style but had never married. Although the land on which the Tennis club was built was once part of the jigsaw, that was a very long time beforehand. Bill sold the new yard, and the Jarvis house, to Lord John Fitzgerald, and he built another yard in the former orchard. Bill then sold Graham Place to Gavin Pritchard-Gordon and he renamed it Trillium Place. Stuart Williams occupied Trillium Place for a time after Gavin retired, and was followed by David Simcock.
|1989-1995 Gavin Pritchard-Gordon
Gavin Pritchard-Gordon, born in October 1945, travelled to Newmarket in 1966 to join the Harvey Leader's Shalfleet Stable before moving to Lambourn to become assistant trainer to Peter Walwyn. Having gained further experience with Walwyn he decided that he could broaden his experience still further by spending time with Stuart Murless at the Curragh. In 1972 Harvey Leader decided to retire, which provided Gavin with the perfect opportunity to apply for his own trainer's licence and take charge at Shalfleet. Within a year he had trained King Pele to win the 1973 Gloucester Hurdle at the Cheltenham Festival, and to show his flexibility on both codes Gavin won the 1976 Queen Anne Stakes at Royal Ascot with Ardoon in the hands of Brian Taylor. Arguably the best horse he trained was Noalcoholic who won the 1982 Criterion Stakes, the Challenge Stakes and the Prix Messidor, while he won the 1983 Lockinge Stakes and Sussex Stakes. He moved from Shalfleet to take charge at Stanley House Stables, but in 1989 he sold that establishment to the Maktoum family and, with the proceeds, he purchased Graham Place from Bill O'Gorman for a record amount for a training complex. At that time Graham Place stood in 1 3/4 acres of prime land close to the two racecourses and on the edge of the High Street, and boasted stabling for 54 horses. He retired from training in 1995, taking up a short-term post with the BHB, followed by a longer spell as Chief Executive of the Thoroughbred Breeders Association.
1973 Gloucester Hurdle KING PELE 13/2 trained by Gavin Pritchard-Gordon and ridden by David Nicholson
1976 Queen Anne Stakes at Royal Ascot ARDOON 11/2 owned by Frank Feeney, trained by Gavin Pritchard-Gordon and ridden by Brian Taylor
1982 Criterion Stakes NOALCOHOLIC owned by William Du Pont III, trained by Gavin Pritchard-Gordon and ridden by George Duffield
1982 Prix Messidor NOALCOHOLIC owned by William Du Pont III, trained by Gavin Pritchard-Gordon and ridden by George Duffield
1982 Challenge Stakes NOALCOHOLIC 5/2 fav owned by William Du Pont III, trained by Gavin Pritchard-Gordon and ridden by George Duffield
1983 Lockinge Stakes NOALCOHOLIC 7/2 owned by William Du Pont III, trained by Gavin Pritchard-Gordon and ridden by George Duffield
1983 Sussex Stakes NOALCOHOLIC 18/1 owned by William Du Pont III, trained by Gavin Pritchard-Gordon and ridden by George Duffield
1994-2004 Stuart Williams
|2004-present David Simcock
David Simcock began his career in racing at Kingsclere with Ian Balding before working for William Muir. To gain further experience he moved to Dick Hern's stables at West Ilsley and then was appointed assistant to Luca Cumani at Bedford House Stables in Newmarket until, in 2004, he felt the time was right for him to apply for his own trainer's licence. David marked his entry into the training ranks on St Valentine's Day, 14th February 2004, the day he and Jennie became engaged, winning the appropriately named 'Miss Julie Andrews, Will You Marry Me Stakes' at Lingfield, with his very first runner Cut A Dash, owned by Trillium Place Racing. He had just taken over at Trillium Place, ideally placed on Birdcage Walk, with immediate access to all of the major Newmarket gallops. Since that day of double celebration David, ably supported by his wife, has grown his business and reputation, both in this country and on the wider International arena. In 2009 the Abdullah Behabb owned Darley Sun captured the Cesarewitch Handicap towards the end of the season, having already won the Brown Jack Stakes at Ascot and the Totesuper7 Handicap at Nottingham. The next year he won the Diomed Stakes at Epsom with Bushman, while in the same season Dream Ahead proved himself to be a top-class sprinter, winning the Middle Park Stakes and Prix Morny. These victories provided a glimpse of the further riches to come his way in 2011 when he won the July Cup, giving Hayley Turner her first Group 1 success, and the Prix De La Foret. The globetrotting Sheikhzayedroad won Handicaps at Doncaster and Epsom in 2013 before winning the Fred Archer Stakes and York Stakes the next year on the way to victories in the Northern Dancer Stakes at Woodbine, Canada and the Dubai Duty Free Golf World Cup Handicap at Meydan.
In 2014 Dubai Racing took over at Revida Place, on the Hamilton Road, a short distance away from Trillium Place, and David was thrilled to be invited to train at Revida Place in late 2015. A Royal Ascot success followed in that year when Balios landed the King Edward VII Stakes, while Sheikhzayedroad proved himself to be one of the best long-distance horses in the world in 2016, winning the Doncaster Cup, the Qipco British Champions Long Distance Cup and the Nad Al Sheba Trophy at Meydan. Lightning Spear, owned by Qatar Racing Ltd, showed his exceptional ability when winning back-to-back victories in the Celebration Mile at Good in 2016 and 2017 in the hands of champion jockey Oisin Murphy, and then returned to Glorious Goodwood in 2018 to land the prestigious Sussex Stakes. In 2018 David, and his team, celebrated their first Classic winner when Teppal won the Poule D'Essai des Pouliches (French 1000 Guineas) for loyal owner Mohammed Bin Khalifa Al Thani, providing ample reason to suggest that the best is yet to come from this talented trainer and his hard-working team.
|Top 5 Trillium Place horses of all time
LIGHTNING SPEAR (2016 & 2017 Celebration Mile, 2018 Sussex Stakes)
DREAM AHEAD (2010 Middle Park Stakes, 2011 July Cup, Prix De La Foret)
SHEIKHZAYEDROAD (2016 Doncaster Cup, Nad Al Sheba Trophy)
BRETON ROCK (2014 Hungerford Stakesm 2016 Criterion Stakes, 2017 Lennox Stakes)
TEPPAL (2018 French 1000 Guineas)
|© John Slusar 2020|
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